The background to creation of the history of Jesus, who had been the Messiah and fulfilled all the Jewish prophecies, were the fundamentalistic Jewish religious groups. These groups had from around the year 100 BC been fighting to prepare the way for a theocratic regime under a divine prince, the Messiah, whom they thought was predicted in the Jewish prophecies. During the years these fundamentalistic Jewish religious groups had several names like Jahad, Hasideans, Pharisees, Notzrim, Sicarii and Zealots. The Romans called them Chrestiani.
Rome had been engaged in widespread wars with these insurgents both in the bloody first Jewish war that lasted between the years 66 and 73 and in the devastating second Jewish war that raged from 115 to 117. The second Jewish war took place in several provinces like Egypt, Cyrenaica and Cyprus and there was also unrest among Jews in Mesopotamia. This war caused the Romans incredible losses in human life and material values.
A third war of this extent would threaten the entire Roman Empire's existence. Therefore, the Roman emperor Hadrian, who ruled between the years 117 and 138, instead tried to find a propaganda solution to the problem.
The foundation of the struggle of the Jahad/Chrestiani was the faith in the holy war that would pave the way for the arrival of the Messiah and let all martyrs resurrect. If one could spread the message that the Messiah already had arrived and fulfilled all the prophecies, then these rebels would hopefully give up their eagerness for the holy war.
In order to create the new propaganda for the Chrestiani, Emperor Hadrian decided to use a Jewish history that had ended up in the Emperor's possession when the old Roman General Tiberius Alexander died around the year 80 AD.
Tiberius Alexander was a high-ranking Jew and Roman aristocrat from Alexandria. He was Roman procurator of Judea between the years 46 and 48, prefect of Egypt in 68-69 and the highest of the generals who supported Vespasian and his son Titus in the Jewish war that lasted between 66 and 73.
When Titus left Judaea after the conquest of Jerusalem in the year 70, Tiberius Alexander accompanied him to Rome. There he wrote a history about the Jewish war, probably on assignment of the Roman Emperors, This history is now called The Jewish War and is attributed to Josephus.
After the history about the Jewish war, Tiberius Alexander wrote the history about the Jewish nation, known as Antiquities of the Jews by Josephus.
Tiberius Alexander's authorship was terminated by his death around year 80. At the death of Tiberius Alexander, his history of the Jewish war (War 1 to 7), Antiquities I-XX and his uncle Philo's philosophical books were stored in the archives of the Roman emperor.
When Emperor Hadrian came to power he needed to calm the rebellious Jews after the devastating Second Jewish War which ended in 117, and reduce the risk of further outbreaks of violence on their part. Therefore, Tiberius Alexander was changed to become Josephus, a general on the Jewish side in the First Jewish war, who was said to have gone over to the Romans and then had written the histories about the Jewish War and the Jewish nation.
The reason the Romans changed the identity of Tiberius Alexander to Josephus, was that they wanted to use the texts written by "Josephus" in the propaganda towards the insurgent Jews. Josephus name was used to convey the message that the Roman Emperor Vespasian had been the Messiah that was predicted in the Jewish prophecies. Vespasianus would have fulfilled the so-called "Star Prophecy" when he was appointed Roman Emperor while he was besieging Jerusalem.
However, the rebellious Jahad / Chrestiani refused to accept that Emperor Vespasian would have been the Messiah that Isaiah and the other prophets had spoken of and the risk of new Jewish rebellions and wars thus remained.
At the beginning of the 120's, Emperor Hadrian was afraid that the devastating Jewish rebellions would flare up again and threaten the whole Roman Empire. He therefore decided to make a new attempt to calm the rebellious Jews with propaganda. The gospel about Jesus, who had been the Messiah and fulfilled all Jewish prophecies, would calm the Jewish extremists who repeatedly rebelled to prepare the way for the Messiah.
The original gospel is preserved in the text that now is called Diatessaron. Doubled sections of the Gospels in the New Testament show that the first three gospels must have a common origin. That this common origin exists in Diatessaron is shown by the fact that various events have a more logical and coherent description in this text than in the present Gospels.
In order to create a trustworthy historical background for the new story about the Messiah, Hadrian used facts from Tiberius' Alexander's Jewish histories that he previously had tried to get the Jews to accept as written by the Jewish General Josephus.
According to the new gospel, Jesus had fulfilled all Isaiah's prophecies because he was:
• the Messiah
• born by a virgin and called Immanuel
• of the house of David' and a prince of peace
• honored by wise men from the east
• initiated by a "voice crying from the desert" (John)
• walking on water and waking the dead.
Other Jewish prophecies that Jesus fulfilled were:
• The Star prophecy (Numbers 24).
• The prophecy in Psalms 22 about the crucifixion and casting lots for his garments.
• The prophet Mika's prophecy about the birth in Bethlehem.
Jesus had also fulfilled the prophecies in the Book of Enoch (1 Enoch) that the Jahad revered because:
• Jesus was the Son of Man who was raised on a cloud at his death.
• Jesus was the Son of Man who would sit on his throne and judge the evil and the good at the Last Judgment.
• Jesus was chosen already in the womb by the Archangel Gabriel, who was one of the archangels in the Book of Enoch.
The Messianic members of Jahad would never accept the story that the Messiah had already come, if he had not been one of them and if he had not obeyed the law of Moses. Hadrian, therefore, instilled the philosophy of the Jewish Messianic movement in the gospel, as we can see by comparing it to the so-called Sectarian material in the Dead Sea Scrolls from Qumran.
• The disciples of Jesus are called poor, humble and righteous, just as in the "Sectarian material" of Qumran.
• Jesus and his group are, exactly as in Jahad, a group of twelve led by a Master.
• Jesus and his group obey "the smallest letter" of the Jewish law (Matt 5:17-20).
• The congregation of Jesus was the righteous ones who would have eternal life, while all others were sinners who would burn in the eternal fire with the devil and his angels, exactly according to the philosophy of Jahad.
• Jesus had received the Spirit of God at the baptism in the river Jordan, in accordance with the statutes of Jahad's Community rule (1QS).
• Jesus had participated in holy meals where bread and wine were the sacraments which he as the Master stretched out his hands over and blessed.
• Jesus had been the Teacher of Righteousness whom Jahad was waiting for.
• Jesus had, through his suffering and death atoned for the sins of the people in accordance with the philosophy of Jahad.
• Jesus had raised the dead and and also himself resurrected from the dead according to Jahad's belief in the resurrection of the body.
• Jesus' disciples were said to have been members of Jahad in the form of Sicarii and Zealots.
Texts from Jahad may even have been directly incorporated into the gospel. Sections in 4Q521 from Qumran for example show a striking correspondence with Matthew 11:4-6.
Hadrian also had Jesus convey a new message of peace and forgiveness to Jahad, because the goal was to make them stop fighting against Rome.
• The starting point for Hadrian's evangel was that the Messiah had brought forward the originally Orphic doctrine about Logos, a love power that penetrated and united everything. This message was an attempt to disarm the Jewish god-fearing philosophy based on hatred and separation.
• Hadrian made his gospel a part of the mystery philosophy. The Father that Jesus became united to was the Logos of the philosophers. The Father promised to send out the Paraclete, who was the Spirit of Truth praised in Orphism.
• Hadrian tried to counteract the Jewish perception of the Messiah as a fierce warrior leading a holy war against the Gentiles, by instead describing Jesus as a peaceful philosopher and initiated Master of the Orphic mystery.
• The Mystery was described as a wedding modelled on the Mystery of Dionysus. It was consummated when the adept Jesus was united with the Father, as in the Greek mystery philosophies.
• Jesus was also described as a direct copy of Pythagoras in the form of a long-haired philosopher who carried white clothes, who had been conceived by a divine power, who was teaching in allegories to one group of disciples, and in clear words to another, who taught them to turn the other cheek and who conveyed the golden rule of Pythagoras.
Emperor Hadrian created a new cult for the Messiah and spread the new message of peace and reconciliation, which is now called Diatessaron, in the areas most infected by Jahad, like Rome, Alexandria, Asia Minor and Judaea.
Some Messianic Jews (the Ebionites) were converted to the new variant of faith in the Messiah, but they were persecuted by the fundamentalists of Jahad.
The members of Jahad largely refused to accept the gospel of Hadrian, that the Messiah whom they fought to prepare the way for had already come and been a philosopher and apostle of peace. In the year 132 Simon bar Kokhba proclaimed himself to be the Messiah and King in a restored Israel in Judea. The name bar Kokhba (son of the Star), implied that he was the one who would fulfil the so-called Star Prophecy in Numbers 24:17.
Emperor Hadrian fought a violent third Jewish war in Judaea between the years 132 and 135 against Simon bar Kokhba and his religious warriors. The revolt led to the extinction or expulsion of most of the Jewish population from Judaea. Jahad's military fight to prepare the way for the Messiah now ceased after more than 230 years and thereby the original Christians were wiped out.
When Hadrian died in 138, the original Christians (Jahad, the Jewish Chrestiani) had been obliterated. But Hadrian's new anti-church, with the new gospel about Jesus the Messiah that Hadrian had tried to distribute to the Jews, remained.
That Diatessaron was the original gospel is proved by:
• There are no historical traces of Christian congregations of the Roman type before the reign of Hadrian.
• The earliest Christian congregations of the Roman type were founded in the areas most infected by Jahad, like Alexandria, Rome, Asia Minor and Palestine.
• Most early Christian churches rest on the foundation of sanctuaries of Mithras, both concretely in the form of archaeological remains, and in the design of the sacraments and the plans of the churches. This shows that Hadrian used the already existing cult of Mithras to spread the cult of Jesus.
Emperor Hadrian was the only one who had the motive to create a new cult of Jesus that would convert the warlike jahad to peaceful philosophers. The motive was to pacify Jahad and avoid new Jewish wars. Emperor Hadrian was the only one who had the means to create a new cult of Jesus, because he was the High Priest and the head of all Roman cults and had full freedom to decide what gods would be worshiped within the empire. Emperor Hadrian was the only one who had the opportunity to spread the gospel and the cult of Jesus between 120 and the third Jewish war in 135, because he was emperor and he alone had the power to create new political messages and new cults and spread them within the empire.
The name Christians.
Origin: Chrestiani was the Roman's name of the Jewish rebels in Jahad.
The Christian gospel of Jesus who fulfilled all prophecies about the Messiah.
The stories of the wedding at Cana, the bridesmaids, the cry at midnight about the bridegroom.
Origin: Information about the Orphic mystery of Eleusis brought into the gospel by Emperor Hadrian.
The parables of Jesus, the fish that was counted, the golden rule, etc.
Origin: Myths about Pythagoras brought into the gospel by Emperor Hadrian.
Origin: Philos belief in the Logos propagated by Heraclitus, brought into the gospel by Emperor Hadrian.
Belief in the Messiah/Christ, the name Jesus, the virgin birth etc.
Origin: Jahad's beliefs in the prophecies about the Messiah in the Book of Isaiah, passed on to the gospel by Emperor Hadrian.
The crucifixion of Jesus.
Origin: Jahad's beliefs in the prophecy about the crucifixion in Psalm 22 in the Tanakh, which was transferred to the gospel by Emperor Hadrian.
The first Christian congregation consisting of twelve men led by a Master.
Origin: Jahad's organization, passed on to the gospel by Emperor Hadrian.
The water baptism performed by John and Jesus.
Origin: Jahad's belief in water baptism that was transferred to the gospel by Emperor Hadrian.
The Lord's supper
Origin: Jahad's cultic meals with bread and wine, passed on to the gospel by Emperor Hadrianus.
Jesus' sermons, such as the Sermon on the Mount, the Beatitudes and the woes, the sermons about the eternal Kingdom of God.
Origin: Sermons from the texts of Jahad that were conveyed to the gospel by Emperor Hadrian.